Understand What is Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy?
Understand What is Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy?

Understand What is Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy?

Natalie Berry

Author

Natalie Berry

Overview

Pelvic floor physical therapy is a type of therapy that can provide relief for various pelvic health issues. The pelvic floor consists of muscles and connective tissues that support the pelvic organs, maintain continence, and facilitate efficient bowel and bladder emptying. Pelvic floor physical therapists specifically evaluate and treat dysfunctions involving these muscles.

Common pelvic floor disorders include urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, painful intercourse, vaginismus, and constipation/straining. Causes of pelvic floor dysfunction include pregnancy, childbirth, surgery, aging, neurological diseases, and persistent straining due to constipation or heavy lifting.

Pelvic floor PTs perform internal and external assessments of the pelvic muscles to identify impaired strength, flexibility, coordination, range of motion, and tone. This can involve digital palpation, observation of pelvic movement patterns, EMG biofeedback, and ultrasound imaging.

Based on examination findings, pelvic floor PTs employ techniques including myofascial release, neuromuscular re-education, biofeedback, electrical stimulation, therapeutic exercises, dilator therapy, and stress management education. With regular therapy combining these methods, most patients see significant improvement in symptoms related to pelvic floor dysfunction and muscle imbalance.

Natalie Berry

Author

Natalie Berry
Passionate about transforming lives through physical therapy.

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